Archive for the ‘Health’ Category

The new Alert Diver Magazine is online!

September 2nd, 2009 Comments off

ALERT DIVER is DAN Europe’s quarterly magazine. It brings news from the dive world about events organized by DAN Europe, and contains interesting articles about diving medicine and research, training and diving safety.

Why a digital version of our magazine?

As Dr Alessandro Marroni (Editor-in-Chief of the Alert Diver Magazine) points out in the first Editorial of the new e-version, “our magazine became more environment friendly, saving tons of paper every year”.

Thanks to the digital transition, DAN Europe is now able to publish the Alert Diver Magazine in 13 languages: English, French, Italian, Dutch, German, Spanish, Polish, Finnish, Croatian, Czech, Slovenian, Turkish, Hungarian…Many more languages will be available with the next issues!

Discover how the e-Edition pairs the convenience & interactivity of online content with the familiar feel & design of a hard-copy magazine.

Choose your language from the ones listed below and read now your copy of AD Magazine!

** Download times vary depending on broadband connection speed and Network traffic. For offline reading, please try the pdf document

Preventing Hypoxia while Scuba Diving

August 19th, 2009 Comments off

How to Prevent Hypoxia while SCUBA Diving

Hypoxia is a medical condition wherein a certain part of the body is deprived of a certain amount of oxygen. This condition can lead to various tissue damages and can affect even the most experienced diver. Divers usually experience hypoxia during altitude dives. It is caused by a decrease in air pressure in deeper waters, hence providing less oxygen for the diver to breathe. What can a diver do in case of hypoxia? Have no fear because here are some safety tips you should consider.

Symptoms of Hypoxia

Symptoms of hypoxia include:

  • fatigue
  • shortness of breathing
  • light-headedness
  • exhaustion

If you ever experience any of these symptoms it is best that you stop diving immediately. You should then rest until you can breathe normally again and you have resumed normal respiration.

What to do Before going underwater to prevent Hypoxia?

In order to prevent hypoxia, make sure you are resting before the dive.  Try not to exert yourself too much while hauling your diving equipment. Once you get into the water, be sure to catch your breath before descending into the water. Resurfacing slowly prevents your body from getting shocked by the sudden change in pressure, and this will help prevent hypoxia or decompression sickness from occurring. If you live at a high altitude, then it is best that you try to familiarize your body with the sudden change in air pressure by staying in lower places for a while before scuba diving in the ocean.

Altitude Diving Safety Measures to Avoide Hypoxia

Before going altitude diving, it is important that you go through the proper training in order to avoid Hypoxia. You can get the required training from certified diving centres. In addition, you also must have the proper gear for it, and make sure that your equipment is in good condition. If you are an experienced scuba diver, but you haven’t done it for a while, then it is recommended that you take a review class to refresh your skills before the dive. Finally, it is important that you always dive with a buddy. Even the most experienced divers do not go into the water without having a dive partner with them. There is always time for safety, so don’t take it for granted!

How to Remove Muscular Cramps while Diving

August 12th, 2009 Comments off

How to Remove Muscular Cramps while Diving

Maldives Underwater Photos Snorkeler How to Remove Muscular Cramps while Diving

Snorkeler in the Maldives

A muscular cramp is an irritating condition that you should take into consideration before and during scuba diving. Aside from the distraction and physical discomfort cramps can cause, they can also cause underwater anxiety which in turn leads to further underwater problems.  However, if you do experience cramping while scuba diving, there are several things you can do.

What to Do in Case of Cramp?

First and foremost, as soon as you get a cramp, you need to alert your dive buddy about the situation. That way he or she can help you with your problem.  Next, establish neutral buoyancy by breathing correctly or if possible, sit on the ocean floor. You will need to have practiced buoyancy beforehand in order to do this correctly.  Third, stretch and massage the muscle that cramped to ease the pain. Continue to massage the cramped area until the pain disappears.  If you’re experiencing cramps in your calf muscle, then it is best to grab the tip of your fin and pull it towards you and then start massaging the calf, or have your dive buddy massage it for you.

Safety Tips for Avoiding Muscular Cramps

As you can see, getting rid of muscle cramps underwater involves a certain amount of experience. So never forget that the basic diving techniques you’ve learned during that time. If you are diving close to the ocean floor, it is best to find an area where you can sit down, rest, massage your muscles. Remember to never sit on corals.

Muscle cramps occur from overexertion or poor physical condition. Be sure to pay attention to your body’s condition throughout your whole dive. It is really important that you are in good shape before starting to scuba dive.

There are inherent risks and dangers to scuba diving, and these may cause serious injuries – even death – if you do not train properly for it. Always make sure that your gear is well-maintained and don’t start diving until you have completed training at a certified dive centre. Remember, you are going SCUBA diving to have fun, not to put your welfare or the welfare of others in jeopardy.

More Safety Tips to Avoid Cramps

Of course, the best cure is prevention. So here are some more tips to avoid muscle cramps.

  1. Fitness.  Get physically fit. Basic fitness reduces the risk of muscle cramps
  2. Alcohol.  Avoid drinking alcohol 12 hours before scuba diving.
  3. Water.  One of the greatest causes of cramps is dehydration.  When scuba diving, you need to drink at least 3 litres of water a day, especially if you are in a hot country.
  4. Sleep.  Before scuba diving, you should be well-rested.  Don’t go scuba diving after a wild night’s party.  You will feel a lot better scuba diving after a good night’s sleep.
  5. Bananas.  If possible, try and eat a banana or two before the dive.  Bananas contain high levels of potassium which neutralise salt levels in your blood, one of the major causes of cramps